国内现行的食品安全溯源技术大致有三种:一种是RFID无线射频技术,在食品包装上加贴一个带芯片的标识,产品进出仓库和运输就可以自动采集和读取相关的信息,产品的流向都可以记录在芯片上;一种是二维码,消费者只需要通过带摄像头的手机拍摄二维码,就能查询到产品的相关信息,查询的记录都会保留在系统内,一旦产品需要召回就可以直接发送短信给消费者,实现精准召回;还有一种是条码加上产品批次信息(如生产日期、生产时间、批号等),采用这种方式食品生产企业基本不增加生产成本。

我国食品安全问题不断爆发,食品溯源体系建设在我国越来越受到关注和重视,被公认是管理和控制食品安全问题的重要手段,它最显著的特点应该说就是事前防范监管重于事后惩罚。我国已开始在食品种养殖和生产加工领域逐渐推广应用“危害关键控制点分析(HACCP)”、“良好农业规范(GAP)”、“良好生产规范(GMP)”等食品安全控制技术,以此来提高食品安全监控水平。在食品溯源体系中,资料的完整、系统地记录对于实现可追溯特别重要,比如乡土乡亲为农产品的整个生长过程建立的完整地生长履历,详细记录农药、化肥适用以及一些重要农事操作,并真实透明地展现给消费者,改善食品的信息不对称现状,有助于促进食品安全。

According to the requirements of protocol between of the General Administration of Quality supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of People’s Republic of China (AQSIQ) and official departments of the bird's nest export

China's food safety issues continue to erupt, the construction of the food traceability system more and more attention in our country and is recognized as an important means of management and control of food safety problems, it should be said that the most notable feature is the advance prevention supervision is more important than punishment. The analysis has been gradually popularized in aquaculture and food production and processing field of the critical control points (HACCP) to our country "and" good agricultural practices (GAP) "and" good manufacturing practices (GMP) and other food safety control technology, in order to improve the level of food safety monitoring. In the food traceability system, data integrity, systematic recording for traceability is particularly important, such as the growth of local folks for agricultural products to establish a complete growth record, a detailed record of pesticide and fertilizer application and some important agricultural operations, and to show the true transparent to consumers, improve the information asymmetry situation of food. Help to promote food safety.

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